When it comes to answering the question what causes the critical condition of gout, it’s better to dig a bit deep into some brief discussion about the nature of the disease which will make the answer easier. The nature and the common understanding of the critical disease will throw some light on the main causes of the gout for sure.
In common terms gout is a type of arthritis. This is known as the metabolic arthritis and the disease affects the joints of the body. The main reason of the gout is the congenital disorder of the uric acid metabolism. Gout is caused by the chronic deposits of the uric acid crystals or mono sodium urate on the joints or the tendons of the anatomy areas of the body. The disease also affects the surrounding tissues of the joint areas.
Normally our body is equipped with handling the uric acid. Actually this is nothing but the waste substance of the purines in the body. These in the blood is processed by the kidneys and our body system gets rid of them through the urine. But if there is too much accumulation of the uric acid the kidneys cannot process the extra uric acid and these starts to be built up in the body which results in the attack of the gout.
The accumulation of the uric acid starts to build up the uric acid crystals that begin to be deposited in the joint areas and in the tendons. These crystals cause the unbearable pain in the joint areas. Sometimes the attack an the pain is so acute that the patients have to suffer the pain for a long time and on regular basis. Sometimes the pain can last for a few hours but sometimes the pain can last for a few days which is extremely painful experience. So, as a disease it is quite serious and proper attention should be paid to the proper treatment of the disease.
In some of the gout cases the uric acid crystals become large in size and they become large enough to burst through the skin near the affected joint areas. Such incident causes the skin sinuses which leads to the discharge of the white chalky substance through the fissures. In many of the gout cases, the areas surrounding the affected joints become tender, red, hot and swollen. The skin sometimes become so sensitive that even a slightest of touch can lead to intolerable pain.
Some patients can also manifest some other types of Gout Symptoms. Low degree fever, nausea, vomiting all these can occur to the patient of gout. But these are not very common type of symptoms. Most of the time the primary strike area for the gout is the big toe but sometimes other joints areas like the fingers, wrists, heel, knees, arms and spine can be the possible strike area of the gout.
Hereditable reasons, kidney problems, certain medications, obesity, high purine foods, previous injuries all these can be the other reasons for the gout. But the high level of these in the blood and the uric acid crystals in the joints is the main cause of the gout.